Medical Studies on Melatonin

Effectiveness of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Interventions for Sleep Quality in Adult Intensive Care Patients: A Systematic Review.

2020-03 Cooke M, Ritmala-Castrén M, Dwan T, Mitchell M

Pharmacological interventions for sleep (analgesic, sedative and hypnotic agents) can both disrupt and induce sleep and have many negative side effects within the intensive care population. The use of complementary and alternative medicine therapies to assist with sleep has been studied but given the variety of modalities and methodological limitations no reliable conclusions have been drawn.

Short Sleep Is Associated With Low Bone Mineral Density and Osteoporosis in the Women’s Health Initiative.

2020-02 Ochs-Balcom HM, Hovey KM, Andrews C, Cauley JA, Hale L, Li W, Bea JW, Sarto GE, Stefanick ML, Stone KL, Watts NB, Zaslavsky O, Wactawski-Wende J

Short sleep duration, recognized as a public health epidemic, is associated with adverse health conditions, yet little is known about the association between sleep and bone health. We tested the associations of usual sleep behavior and bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis.

Melatonin, synthetic analogs, and the sleep/wake rhythm.

2009-03 Escames G, Acuña-Castroviejo D

Melatonin, a widespread hormone in the animal kingdom, is produced by several organs and tissues besides the pineal gland. Whilst extrapineal melatonin behaves as a cytoprotective molecule, the pineal produces the hormone in a rhythmic manner. The discovery of melatonin in 1958, and the characterization of its synthesis somewhat later, let to the description of its photoperiodic regulation and its relationship with the biological rhythms such as the sleep/wake rhythm.

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